Guichard 2014, 12ff. (Zimrī-līm Epic)

SEAL no. 1552

Copy / Photo
Collection
Deir ez-Zor Museum
Edition
122 n. 9 (112–123)
119 n. 3 (74–76)
106a-b (97–98)
57 n. 280 (145)
428 (18–23)
475 (165–169)
393 (137–142)
332 n. 189 (112–114)
325 n. 137 (17–23)
325 n. 140 (165–166)
328 n. 154 (25–28)
Studies
Genre / Classification
Epics
Provenance
Mari (mod. Tell Ḥariri)
Text

Col i

i1       [Zi-im-ri-l]i-im ri-im tu-qú-um-tim lu-na-i-id

i2       [qú-ra-da-a]m a-na di-ri šu-ma-aš-šu lu-uš-ta-aš-ni

i3       [Zi-im-ri-li-i]m a-pil ia-aḫ-du-li-im a-ša-re-ed ḫa-na

i4       [mu-aʾ4-ab-bi-it du]-ur  na-ak {R[I]}-ri-im

i5       [0 0 0 0 0] ⌈x⌉ me-er lu-ul-li še20-me-e

i6       [uṣ-ṣí-ra a]-wa-ti mu-ur-ta-di?⌉-[i]d? za-e-ra-am

i7       [mu-ka-an-ni-iš] na-ak-ri-šu

i8       [eṭ-lum pé-t]i-iú gišŠUKUR  mu-ut-⌈x-x-ki/di

i9       [a-ḫi-iz ma-tim] e-li ma-a-tim

i10     [Zi-im-ri]-li-im pé-ti-iú gišŠUKUR  mu-ut-x-x-ki/di]

i11     [a-ḫi-i]z? ma-tim e-li ma-a⌉-tim

i12     [i]-⌈ŠÀ?⌉ ⌈šu-qú-ri ib-bu-ú DINGIRmeš šum-šu

i13     zi-ik-ru dA-nim li⌉-te9(TI)-li-il ri-im ma-ti-šu

i14     zi-im-ri-li-im ib-bu-ú DINGIRmeš šum-šu

i15     zi-ik-ru dA-nim li-te9-li-il ri-im ma-ti-šu

i16     LUGAL ša-pé-e-em lu?⌉-ša-ar-bi-ma

i17     na-ak-ri dEN-LÍL iš-ta-ka-an za-ri-šu

i18     ib-bi-ri-it ḫa-bu-ur ù pu-ra-an-tim

i19     i-na aš-ri dIŠKUR i-di-nu di-na-aš-šu

i20     id-di ri-ig-ma-aš-šu qí-in-na-šu ú-pa-ar-ri-ir

i21     a-na ki-ib-ra-at er-be-e-im ṭe4-em-šu is-pu-uḫ

i22     im-šu-úʾ ma-a-tum bu-ši qa-ti-šu

i23     i-na a-lim Bi-⌈sa⌉-anki KÙ-SI22eb-ba-am

i24     ib-tu-uq na-ak-ra-am ki-i ki-ṣí-ir a-bi-ḫi-im

i25     iš-ti er-ṣe-tum da-mi qar-ra-di

i26     i-il-la-ak an-nu-ni-tumx(TIM) i-na i-mi-ti-šu

i27     dIŠKUR ša-pu-ú ri-gi-im-šu id-di

i28     id-di ri-ig-ma-aš-šu iš-te9-bi-ir gišŠUKUR na-ak-ri

i29     it-bu-uk i-ma-as-sú am-ma-ta-[tim]

i30     Zi-im-ri-li-im še2o-bi-ru gišŠUKUR na-ak-ri-im

i31     it-bu-uk i-ma-as-sú e-l[i] na-ak-ri-šu

i32     pu-tam ta-an-pí-iḫ-tam is-ri-[im?] ⌈i⌉-ša-at qa-ab-lim

i33     ma-an-nu-um él-ka [ša] ú-ba-al-lu-ši-ma

i34     at-ta te-ep-ti [0 0]  pu-šu-uq ša-du-i

i35     ša sí-ik-k[u-ru ed-l]u-ú gišIGZUNA4

i36     Zi-im-r[i-li-im p]é-ti-iú gišIGḫá, dan-nim

i37     sa s[í-ik-ku-ru ed-lu]-⌈ú gišIG ZI-NA NA4

i38     [0 0 0 0 0 ma-ti]m? ka-li-ši

i39     [0 0 0 0 0 0]x-am tu-ra-am-mi du-un-na-aš-ši

i40     [0 0 0 ka-la (?) ni-š]i e-pé-tim

i41     [0 0 0 0 0 da-r]a-am tu-ša-aš-ki-in šum-ka

i42     [  ]x ⌈e-te-él-le-et

i43     [  ]x ta?⌉-aš-ku-un

i44     [  ] ⌈x⌉ ⌈ka

(10 lines lost)

 

Col ii

ii1       Zi-im-ri-l[i-im]

ii2       ki-ma pé-er-di-im x[...]

ii3       ip-pa-an ki-iṣ-ra-[tim  ]

ii4       ra-ki-ib ši-ḫa-mi [...]

ii5       a-na pa-ni-šu pa-ri-kum ú-[ul i-ba-aš-ši]

ii6       li-ta-am-ḫa-aḫ na-ak-rum ki-[ṭi-di-im ina me-e (?)]

ii7       wa-ar-ku-um ṭà-ri-du-um ú-ul i[p?-pa-ar-ši-id]

ii8       pé-tu-ú-um 2 [gišIGḫá ša-du-i (?)]

ii9       la-li-iú-um i-du-uk  za-r[i-šu ]

ii10     a-ša-am-ša-tum is-ḫu-ra-šu-nu-ši-i[m]

ii11     ú-ul i-du-ur a-li-kam [a]-na im-ni-š[u ù šu-me-li-šu (?)]

ii12     bu-ku-ur dEN-LÍL dla-ga-ma-al e-t[e]-⌈él-lu

ii13     ù ti-il-la-as-su-ma?⌉ [i]p-ri-ku ša? –ni!? qar?-ra?-di?⌉

ii14     ki-ma ap-pa-ri-im i-ṣí-da-am ṣa-ba-šu

ii15     ki-ma bi-nim šu-um-qú-tu qar-ra-du

ii16     iš-ti er-ṣe-tum da-mi-šu

ii17     a-ki!?-i? ⌈d?IŠKUR⌉ šu-pu a-na ḫu-ur-ri-im

ii18     Zi-im-ri-li-im ni-im-ru a-na-na-tim

ii19     da-an-nu-um ka-mi lem?-ni?⌉ [mu]-ḫa-al-li-iq na-ak-ri

ii20     pí-šu i-pu-ša-am i-qa-ab-bi

ii21     is-sà-aq-qa-ra-am a-na eṭ-li-šu

ii22     ša-as-su-ru-um ib-ni-ku-nu-tim

ii23     um-mu-um ki-ma ku-nu-ti-ma ul-da-an-ni

ii24     ša-ti ta-ḫa-zu e-1i-ia pa-ni iš?⌉-ni

ii25     ki-ib-ra-at er-bé-e-im ku-nu-ti?⌉ na-ak-ra

ii26     ù ma-a-tum [0] ⌈ga?⌉ x ⌈ta? ri/ur?⌉ ⌈šu-še-ra-nim

ii27     na-ak-ru-um pa?⌉-[ḫi-i]r? x M[I?] ⌈x tim?? x na?-tum?⌉

ii28     a-na ta-ḫa-zi-im⌉ [e-pé-ši-im a-na-ku lu-uš-te-še]-er

ii29     [ri-im šar-r]i?ku-nu-um ki ša [ḫa-da-an-šu i-ka-ša-du]

ii30     z[i-i]m-ri-li-im ku-nu-um ki šaḫa-da-a[n-šu i-ka-ša-du]

ii31     ú-ta-e-er šu-uk-ka-al-la-šu

ii32     lú-mešsu-ga!-gi iš-pu-ut

ii33     qar-ra-di-ia!(E) Ḫa-na li-qa-ar-ri-bu-nim

ii34     DUMUmeš na-qí-di li-ru-bu ma-aḫ-ri IGI-ia

ii35     i-na pí-iḫ-ri-im wa-ši-bu-ut a-aḫ pu-ra-an-tim

ii36     i-na mi-il-ki-ku-nu a-na-ku lu-pu-úš

ii37     iš-me-ma an-né-e-em qa-ba-šu

ii38     aš-ma-ad me-er-ʾu5-um-ma is-sà-aq-qa-ar-šum

ii39     mi-na-am šu-ba-ra-am ta-na-áʾ-ʾì-id

ii40     la ú[s-sà]-ḫi-ru i-ša-at qa-ab-li-ka

ii41     ḫu-ur-[ba-š]u ṣí-il-lu [GI]Šḫá qí-iš-tim

ii42     gu-šu-r[u-šu]-nu az-zi-im-ma la ḫe-ru li-ša-an pa-ši-im       

ii43     sà-ap-ḫ[a-at] šu-ba-ar-tum ki-i UDUḫá ri-tim

ii44     []-ra-[num] a-na re-di-i-im ṣí-di-tum ša-ak-na-at

ii45     [Zi-im-ri-l]i-im li-mu-ru qú-ru-ud-ka

ii46     [te-ni-iš-tum a-na di-r]i? li-na-i-id šum-ka

ii47     [LUGAL iḫ-du a-na a-w]a?-at?⌉ me-er-ʾì-im wa-ar-di-šu

ii48     [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 ki-ma] ⌈e-ṣí-du-ut ú-ga-ri-im

ii49     [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 i]k-tu-um

ii50     [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0]x-um

ii51     [0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 a]m

ii52     [...]

ii53     [...]

 

Col iii

iii1       ti-il-la-ti-šu-nu ú-ma-a[l-lu] ṣe-ra-am

iii2       la-bi-iš ap-lu-uḫ-tam ik-ki-ib-šu e-né-nu

iii3       mi-im-ma ša ip-ri-ku a-na pa-ni-šu ma-aq-tu

iii4       šu-ul-pu-tu su-up-pu-ḫu up-pu-ú ANŠEḫá

iii5       a-ḫu-né-e i-ta-ad-du-ú qar-ra-du

iii6       ba-al-la-at qé-er-bé-tum i-na da-mi-šu-nu

iii7       a-di ša ik-šu-du ḫa-da-an-šu LUGAL

iii8       ù i-da-ma-ra-aṣ ú-ka-an-ni-išº aš-še-pé-šu

iii9       me-e na-da-tim iš-ta-na-at-ti

iii10     e-si-ik it-ti re-di-i ka-lum-ma iš-šu-uš

iii11     ra-ab-bu ba!-ia-ru wa-ṣú-šu

iii12     ki-ma sí-ir-ra-m[i]-im pé-e ṣe-ru-um

iii13     ši-ra-am i-ku-lu mu-tu-šu

iii14     li-ib-ba-am ir-šu-ú da-na-na-am uṣ-bu

iii15     Zi-im-ri-li-im ki-ma šu-ri-nim ip-pa-na i-la-ak

iii16     is-ḫu-ur a-na la le-i-im i-na-ad-di-in li-ib-ba-am

iii17     di-in-na-ma i-te-ru-ba

iii18     iš-di-ku-nu i-im-ma-ar na-ak-rum

iii19     ṣa-ab-tu ši-ru-šu-nu i-ša-tam

iii20     ka-ar-šu-šu-nu ši-wi-tam la-am-du

iii21     la-ab-šu pa-at-[r]i na-am-ṣa-ri šu-ku-ur-ri

iii22     [i-du]-⌈úš?⌉-šu-nu i-šu-ur-ru ul-mu

iii23     [a-na šu-te(?)]l-li e-zi-ba-at ṣe-ri-im

iii24     i?⌉-[la-ak pa-na te]-⌈li⌉-tum Eš4-tár

iii25     i-nu-ma x[...]x ⌈ú x x⌉ NA/DU-AZ/UK-ŠUM

iii26     iš-ku-un ša-ak-ni-š[u i-na a-aḫ] na-ri-im

iii27     la na-bi-iú-tim it-ti DING[IRmeš i-ri-iš a-na] ⌈re⌉-di-im

iii28     ar-ḫi-iš LUGAL i-pu-lu a[n-na-am]

iii29     it-ta-an-pa-aḫ tu-uq-ma-tim qé-re-eb?⌉ [ma-a-ti]m?

iii30     we-de-nu-úš-šu eṭ-lum ú-ul i-la-ak ge-er-r[a-am]

iii31     LUGAL zi-ik-ru-úš dDa-gan e-te9-él-ma

iii32     iṣ-ṣa-am-ma-ar e-li mu-ti ki-im-ti-šu

iii33     Zi-im-ri-li-im zi-ik-ru-úš dDa-gan e-te9-él-ma

iii34     tu-uk-la-as-su dI-túr-me-er ur-ša-nu

iii35     i-mu-ur-ma it-ta-šu a-pí-la-am e-te9-él ma-ti-š[u?]

iii36     LUGAL li-ib-ba-šu da-na-na-am uṣ-ba-am

iii37     i-la-ak ad-du-um i-na šu-me-li-šu

iii38     Èr-ra da-pí-nu-um-ma i-na im-ni-šu

iii39     uš-ta-aṣ-bi-it ki-iṣ-ri-šu i-na a-aḫ Ḫa-bu-ur

iii40     mu-ša-am-ma a-na pa-ni-šu-nu e-bi-ir

iii41     ìs-si DUMUmeš MÁŠ-ŠU-SU13-SU13 ú-za-ak-ki

iii42     dUTU qú-ra-du-um i-ta-ap-la-an-ni

iii43     UD-ma-am an-né-e-em a-ka-am-mi na-ak-ri

iii44     eṭ-lu-ia ti-iṣ-ma-ra d[a-na-na-a]m?

iii45     ḫu-us-sà na-ak-ri-ku-nu ki-[i 0 0 0]x

iii46     qar-ra-du-šu iš-mu-ú zi-k[i-ir ša-ap-ti-šu (?)]

iii47     ki-i 1 ḫu-ḫa-ri-im ìs-ḫu-p[u na-ak-ri-šu-nu]

iii48     ša ip-pa-ar-ši-du […]

iii49     ša i-ti-qú ṣe-di-ir […]

iii50     Zi-im-ri-li-im na-[…]

iii51     mi-iš-li n[a?-ak-ri…]

iii52     zu-bi⌉ […]

iii53     LUGAL x[…]

iii54     ḪI-x […]

 

Col iv

iv1       [0 0 0 0 0 0-a]m iḫ-pí

iv2       [0 0 0 0] ⌈ú-ša-aš-ki-in

iv3       [0 0 0] ú-ma-al-li ma-a-tam

iv4       [ša Zi-im-ri]-li-im i-pu-lu ze-er-tam

iv5       [ú-u]l ib-lu-ṭú šu-nu im-tu-tu

iv6       []-tu LUGAL ik-šu-du ḫa-da-an-šu

iv7       [i]-ru-ub ma-ḫa-ar nu-na-am-ni-ir

iv8       [i-n]a e-ki-si-iq-qa SÍSKUR-RE-šu iq-qí

iv9       []-re-eb Ter-qaki na-ra-ma-at  dDa-gan

iv10     ba-la-ṭà-am ḫe-gál-la-am ù da-na-na-am

iv11     it-ti dDa-gan Zi-im-ri-li-im i-ri-iš

Vocabulary
Word Translation Semantic Line
ebīḫum, abīḫum rope, cord i24
abnum (NA4) stone, rock Materials i35, 37
Adad (dIŠKUR) DN i19, 27, ii17
adānum, ḫadānum fixed date, time limit ii 30, iii7, iv6
adārum II (v.) G to be afraid, fear, be worried, disturbed; Š to cause annoyance, frighten ii11
aḫum II arm, side; bank (of river) [ii26], iii39
aḫunê separately, individually iii5
akālum (v.) G to eat, consume, devastate; Gtn iter. of G iii13
alākum (v.) (DU) G to go, walk; Gt go off, away; Gtn wander, go repeatedly, roam about, walk Written texts/Literary terms i26, iii15, 30, 37
amārum (v.) G to see; catch sight of; N pass. of G, be found ii45, iii18, 35
anantum battle, strife ii18
Annunītum DN i26
āpilum answerer; a kind of prophet (Mari) iii35
apluḫtum armour iii2
aplum (TUR.UŠ) heir, son i3
appārum reed-bed, marsh ii14
arḫiš quickly, hastily iii28
ašamšūtum dust storm ii10
ašarēdum (SAG.KAL) first and foremost, pre-eminent, leader i3
ašāšum (v.) Gt ~ G, to be distressed; to be aggrieved, angry iii10
ašrānum there, in that very place ii44 (?)
ašrum (KI) place, site i19, ii17
awātum, amātu (INIM) word, matter, speech i6, ii47 (?)
balālum (v.) G to mix up; D coat, smear iii6
balāṭum (TI) life, vigour, good health iv10
balāṭum (v.) G to live, stat. be alive; D bring back to life, revive iv5
banûm (v.) G to build, create; N be created, made ii22
batāqum (v.) G to cut off, divide, tear off i24
bayyārum huntsman iii11
bērum II, bīrum, ba/e/i'rum selected; elite (of soldiers) iii11
bīnum II (gišŠINIG) tamarisk ii15
birīt between, among i18
Bisan GN i23
bukrum son, child, first born Kinship terms ii12
būšum goods, property ii22
Dagan DN iii31, 33, iv9, 11
dâkum (v.) to kill, beat ii9
daltum (GIŠ.IG) door i35, 36, 37
dāmum blood i25, ii16, iii6
danānum power, strength iii14, 36, 44 (?), iv10
danānum (v.) G to be(come) strong, powerful iii17
dannum (KAL.GA) powerful, mighty, great, strong i36, ii19
dapīnum overbearing, savage iii38
dārum era, eternity, eternal, forever i41
diānum, dânum (v.) to judge i19
dīnum (DI.KU5) verdict, case, judgement, legal decision i19
dīrum eternity i2, ii46 (?)
dunnum strength, force i39
dūrum (city) wall, rampart i4
ebbum bright, pure i23
ebērum (v.) G to cross over; Š make to cross, bring across iii40
edēlum (v.) to shut, bolt i35, 37
Ekisikk/qqa TN iv8
elēlum (v.) G to become pure, free; D purify i13, 15
ellum (KÙ.GA) pure, clear, sacred iii24
elûm (v.) G to go up; D exalt iii23
enēnum (v.) G to grant a privilege, do a favor, to grant favour, be favourable iii2
Enlil DN i17, ii12
epēšum (v.) G to do, make, build; Gt to do throroughly; Št be active, work on; N pass. of G ii20, 36
erbe four i21, ii25
erēbum (v.) (KU4) G to enter, come in; Š cause to enter, bring in ii34, iii17, iv7
erēšum (v.) G to request, with for iv11
Erra DN, DN ( = Mars?) iii38
erṣetum (KI) earth, land, netherworld i25, ii16
eṣēdum (v.) G to harvest, reap ii14
esēḫum (v.) to assign, allocate iii10
ešērum (v.) G be straight, direct towards; be or become all right, be fair; Š put in good condition, make straight ii28
ēṣidum reaper, harvester ii48
etellum (NIR) lord, prince, pre-eminent i42, ii12, iii31, 33, 35
etēqum (v.) G to go past, cross over; Gtn iter.; Š caus. of G iii49
eṭlum (GURUŠ; ŠUL) manly; young man Human activities/actions,Social status/Groups/Professions ii21, iii30, 44
gerrum way, caravan, (military) campaign; marching song? iii23
gušūrum tree-trunk, beam, log ii42
Ḫabūr GN i18, iii39
ḫadānum, adānum fixed date, time limit ii30, iii7, iv6
Ḫana (ḪA.NA) GN i3, ii33
ḫasāsum (v.) G to remember, to be conscious iii45
ḫegallum (ḪÉ.GÁL) abundance, productivity, prosperity, plenty iv10
ḫepûm (v.) G to break, ruin, destroy; N to be broken iv1
ḫerûm (v.) G to dig, excavate ii42
ḫuḫārum bird-snare iii47
ḫurāṣum (KÙ.SIG17; KÙ.GÌ) gold i23
ḫurbāšum frost, terror ii41
ḫurri ever (after) ii17
Ida-maraṣ GN iii8
idum (Á) arm; side; strength; wage iii22 (?)
ikkibum taboo iii2
ilum (DINGIR) god, deity Deities/Divine sphere i12, 14, iii27
imērum (ANŠE) donkey iii4
imittum right hand, right side i26
immerum (UDU) sheep ii43
imnum right hand, right side ii11, iii38
imtum poison, venom i29, 31
išātum fire, fire (of heart), inflammation, fever i32, ii40, iii19
išdum (SUḪUŠ) foundation, base; root iii18
Ištar DN iii24
iṣum (GIŠ) tree, wood ii41
ittum sign, mark iii35
Itūr-Mēr DN iii34
kalûm II (DÙ.A.BI) all, totality, everything i38
kalummûm everything iii10
kamûm (v.) to bind, snare iii43
karšum stomach, interior, womb; mind, understanding iii20
kašādum (v.) G to reach, arrive; D drive off, chase away iii7, iv6
kibrum (UB) bank (of a river), shore, rim, brink; quarter of the world i21, ii25
kimtum family, clan iii32
kiṣrum knot, concentration, group, lump i24, ii3, iii39
Lā-gamal DN ii12
labāšum (v.) G to clothe, put on; D to clothe iii2, 21
lalium kid, young goat ii9
lamādum (v.) to learn, to become aware ii20
lemnum (ḪUL) evil, bad; evil person, enemy ii19 (?)
lē'ûm powerful, competent iii16
lē'um (gišIG.ZU) board (of door) i35
libbum (ŠÀ) heart, mind; inner body i12 (?), iii14, 16, 36
lišānum tongue (of flame), tongue, language ii42
maḫāḫum (v.) to soak, steep; dissolve in liquid ii6
maḫrum II front, presence ii34, iv3
malûm IV (v.) G to become full, fill up; D fill (up) iii1, iv3
mannum who?, who i33
maqātum (v.) G to fall, drop; Š caus. of G iii3
mār bārîm diviner iii41
mār nāqidim herdsman ii34
mašā'um (v.) to take away by force, rob i22
mātum (KUR; KALAM) land, country Locations/Buildings i9, 11, 13, 15, 22, 29, 38 (?), ii26, iii29 (?), 35, iv3
mâtum (v.) G to die iv5
merḫum I chief shepherd ii38, 47
milkum advice, counsel, resolution, intelligence ii36
mimma anything, something; everything, all iii3
mīnum what, what? ii39
mišlum half, middle, centre iii50
mû I (A(.MEŠ)) water iii9
muḫalliqum destroyer ii19
mūšum (GI6) night(-time) iii40
mutum husband; man, warrior iii13, 32
nabûm (v.) to name, nominate, decree, invoke i12, 14
nadānum (v.) (SUM) G to give, bestow iii16, 25
nādum waterskin iii9
nadûm III (v.) G to throw down, lay down; N to be rejected i20, 27, 28, iii5
nakārum (v.) to be(come) different, strange, hostile ii25
nakrum strange, foreign, enemy i4, 7, 17, 24, 28, 30, 31, ii6, 19, 27, iii17, 43, 45, 51 (?)
namṣārum sword iii21
napāḫum (v.) G to blow, light up, rise iii29
naparšudum (v.) to flee, escape ii7 (?), iii48
naqûm (v.) to pour (a libation), sacrifice iv8
narāmtum beloved, favourite (woman) iv9
nārum I (ÍD) river, watercourse, canal iii26
natārum (v.) to split open; D cleave, demolish ii17
na'ādum (v.) to be attentive, concerned, worried ii39
nimrum leopard ii18
nīqum (UDU.SÍSKUR) offering, sacrifice iv8
nišū (UN.MEŠ) people, humanity, population [i40]
Nunamnir DN, literary epithet of Enlil iv7
pānum I (IGI) front, face, earlier times Body/Body parts ii3, 5, 24 (?), 34, iii3, 15, 40
parākum (v.) to lie across, obstruct, block ii13 (?), iii3
pāšum axe, adze ii42
patrum sword, dagger iii21
perdum kind of equid ii2
petûm II (v.) G to open, expose i8, 10, 34, 36, ii8
piḫrum troops ii35
pûm I (KA) mouth, statement, command, opening ii20
pûm II chaff iii12
Purattum Euphrates i18
purrurum dispersed, scattered i20
pušqum narrowness, straits i34
pūtum forehead, brow i32
qablum II (ŠEN.ŠEN) battle, fight i32, ii40
qarrādum (UR.SAG) warlike; hero, warrior i25, ii13,15, 33, iii5, 46
qātum (ŠU) hand i22
qerbum centre, interior iii29, iv9
qinnum nest; family i20
qištum (GIŠ.TIR) forest, wood ii41
qurādum hero, warrior iii42
qurdum warriorhood, heroism ii45
rabûm (GAL) I big iii11
rākibum rider ii4
rašûm (v.) to acquire, get iii14
redûm I (v.) G to accompany, lead, drive, proceed; Gtn to accompany constantly, lead iii27
rēdûm soldier, private ii44, iii10
rigmum voice, cry, noise i20, 27, 28
rīmum (AM) wild bull i1, 13, 15
rîtum pasture ii43
ṣabātum (v.) (DAB5) G to seize, take, hold iii19
ṣābum (ÉRIN, ÉRIN.ḪÁ) people, troops Social status/Groups/Professions i14
šadûm I (KUR, ḪUR.SAG) mountain, open country i34
saḫāpum (v.) G to envelop, overwhelm iii47
saḫāpum (v.) G to envelop, overwhelm iii16, ii10, 40
šakānum (v.) (GAR) to put, place, lay down i17, 41 (III), 43, ii44, iii26, iv 2
šaknum placed, deposited etc.; governor, appointee iii26
ṣamārum (v.) to wish, strive for iii32, 44
sapāḫum (v.) G to scatter, disperse; D squander, spend freely, scatter i5, ii43, iii4
šapāṭum (v.) to give judgement, exercise authority ii32
šapûm II (v.) to be dense, thick; to (be)come loud i27
ṣarāḫum (v.) to light up, flare up i32
šarrum (LUGAL; EN) king, lord i16, iii7, 28, 31, 36, 53, iv i16, iii7, 28, 31, 36, 53, iv 6
šassūrum, sassūrum womb ii22
šasûm (v.) G to shout, call (out), read (out); Gtn iter. of G iii41
šatûm I (v.) G to drink i25, ii16, iii9
šatûm II (v.) G to knot together, weave ii24
šebērum (v.) to break i28, 30
ṣadārum (v.) to be (placed) askew, slant iii49
šemûm (v.) G to listen, to hear; Gtn to hear, to listen again and again i5, ii37, iii 46
šēpum foot, leg iii8
ṣērum (EDIN) back, upperside, steppe, open country, towards iii1, 12, 23
ṣidītum provisions i44
šiḫāmum equid? ii4
sikkūrum (GIŠ.SAG.KUL) bar, bolt (as locking device) i35, 37
ṣillum (GIŠ.GI6=gissu) protection; shade, shadow ii41
šimtum mark, token; colour, paint, burn iii20
sirramum onager iii12
šīrum flesh, body; entrails; kinsman, blood relative, meat; ominous sign iii13, 19
sugāgum sheikh, tribal representative ii32
šukkallum minister, a court official ii31
šukurrum(gišŠUKUR) lance, spear i8,10, 28, 30, iii21
šulputum defiled, ruined Qualities/Attributes iii4
šumēlum left side, left hand iii37
šumum (MU) name; son; line of text i2, 12, 14, 41, ii46
šūpûm made apparent, resplendent, famous, shining, splendid ii17
šūqurum precious, very valuable i12
šurbûm very great i16
šurīnum (divine) emblem i15
šutašnûm repeated, doubled i2
tabākum (v.) G to pour (out), lay flat i29, 31
tāḫāzum (ME; ME6) battle, combat ii24, 28
tanpiḫtum burning, inflammation, fire i32
ṭarīdum fugitive i7
Telītum DN, “(the) very competent (one)” epith. of goddesses esp. Ištar iii24
ṭēmum thought, plan, instruction, information i21
Terqa GN iv9
tillatum (ILLAT) help; reinforcement ii13, iii1
tukultum (NIR.GÁL) trust, support iii34
tuqumtum, tuqmatum battle, fight i1, iii29
ugārum (A.GÀR) meadow ii48
ullûm II exalted i5
ulmum axe iii22
ummum mother ii23
ūmum I (UD) day, daily iii43
uršānum warrior, hero iii34
walādum (v.) G to give birth ii23
wapûm (v.) G to be(come) visible, appear; D to make visible; Š to make manifest, appear iii4
wardum (SAG.ÌR; ÌR) slave, servant ii47
warkûm rear, later ii7
wârum (v.) G to go (up to); D instruct, govern ii31
waṣābum (v.) G to add, increase ii14, 36
wāšibum sitting, dwelling; inhabitant ii35
waṣûm (v.) G to go out, depart; Š caus. of G iii11
wēdēnum alone, single iii30
wuššurum exempt; released, loosened ii26 (?)
zā'erum hostile, enemy i4, 17, ii9
zakārum (v.) to speak, say, name, mention; talk; swear ii21, 38
zērum I hatred, hostile iv4
zikarum, zikrum (NITA) male, virile; man i13, 15, iii31, 33, 46
zīmum face, appearance, figure ii42
zinûm rib of palm-frond i37
zukkûm purified, cleansed iii41
Revision History
Wasserman, Nathan
Corrections (editions)
23/04/11
Zomer, Elyze
Transliteration indices
16/11/11
Streck, Michael P.
Corrections
16/11/11
Hess, Christian W.
Cataloguing
01/01/12
Terechov, Nadya
Transliteration
26/12/14
Perdibon, Anna
indices
17/03/15
Zilberg, Peter
indices
17/03/15
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