Iraq 81, 241–243 (I Was Not Warm in the Cold)

SEAL no. 1669

  • BM 108868 obv. (British Museum)BM 108868 obv. (British Museum)
  • BM 108868 rev. (British Museum)BM 108868 rev. (British Museum)
  • Streck/Wasserman 2019, 243Streck/Wasserman 2019, 243
Copy / Photo
242f. (photo, copy)
Tablet Siglum
BM 108868 = 1914-04-07, 34
6.0 × 8.6 × 2.4
British Museum, London
Genre / Classification
Wisdom Literature, proverbs

WGL Folio 9924.





1 ṭú-pu-ul-šu ú-ul i-ni Á-⌈⌉ ⌈ù⌉ SAG

2 a-nu-um-ma ra-i-du-um a-wi-lum

3 ú-ul i-šu wu-tu-ur-ra-a-am [i-ib-]tam

4 šum-ma ni-is-sà-tum [l]i-sà-ap-p[í-iḫ]

5 šum-ma ku6-ru-ú-um ZÁLAG li-ka-al-li-ma-ni

6 ⌈ḫa⌉-ab-bu-ra-am ul!-la i-šar-ta[m]

7 še-er-ḫu-um a-ia ú-wa-al-li-id NUMUN ⌈a-i[a] i[b-n]i

8 en6(IN)-ne-et pa-ṭa-ri-im na-aḫ ri-iš-tim

9 di-in NAM la ta-bi-a-am TI



10  ma-mi-tum-mi iz-za-az bi-la-at ar-n[im]

11  mu-ṭa-ap-pí-il ni-iš i-li-im

      a-ši-ib <i>-na IGI BÁRA

12  ú-ul aš-ḫa-an i+na ḫal-pi-ma ad-di i-ṣi-k[a

13  i+na ra-ap-ši-im li-ib-bi-(erasure)-ka

14  úr!-ri qá-li-iš ú-ul a-ti-lam

15  i+na a-⌈lu⌉ ša ta-ap-ḫa-ri iš-⌈ta-pí-lu



                           § 1      

1 His insulting did not change his wage and capital.

2 Now, the trembling man

3 has no profit (and) interest(?).

                           § 2

4 If there is sorrow, let it be dispersed!

5 If there is depression, let (god) show me the light!

                           § 3

6 May the furrow not give birth to a bent shoot,

7 may it not create a seed.

                           § 4

8 A sin to be absolved is the best of lard.

                           § 5

9 Call (your) fate to judgement! Did you not summon (your own) life?

                           § 6

10        The curse, they say, is standing ready as the burden of wrongdoing.

                           § 7

11        He who insults the oath of god sits before(!) the throne.

                           § 8

12        I did not get warm in the cold, so I threw you[r] wood (into the fire)

13        by your magnanimity.

                          § 9

14        (Throughout) the days, I cannot rest quietly  

15        in a city in which my collected possessions are constantly reduced.


Word Translation Semantic Line
ai, ē, â not 7
anumma now 2
arnum sin, guilt, misdeed, punishment, fault, penalty 10
awīlum, aʾīlu (LÚ; LÚ.ÙLU) man, free man, human being 2
balāṭum (TI) life, vigour, good health 9
banûm (v.) G to build, create; N be created, made 7
biltum load, talent, yield, rent, tribute 10
diānum, dânum (v.) to judge 9
ennettum sin 8
enûm (v.) to change, overturn 1
ḫalpûm frost, ice 12
ḫabbūrum sprout, shoot 6
idum (Á) arm; side; strength; wage 1
ilum (DINGIR) god, deity 11
ina in, on, by, from 11, 12, 13, 15
išarum I straight, correct, normal 6
iṣum (GIŠ) tree, wood 12
išûm (v.) G to have 3
izuzzum (v.) (GUB) G to stand; Gtn iter. of G; Š cause to be present, appoint 10
kullumum (v.) D to show, display 5
kūrum I depression, torpor 5
libbum (ŠÀ) heart, mind; inner body 13
māmītum oath, curse 10
muṭappilum slanderer 11
nabûm (v.) G to name, nominate, decree, invoke, D lament, wail, Š cause to name, lament, wail 9
nadûm III (v.) G to throw down, lay down; N to be rejected; Š caus. of G 12
nāḫum pig's fat, lard 8
nâlum (v.) G to lie down; Š lay s.o. down 14
nissatum wailing, lamentation 4
nīšum II (oath of the) life 11
nūrum I (ZÁLAG) light 5
pānum I (IGI) front, face, earlier times 11
parakkum (BÁRA) cult dais, sanctuary, chapel 11
paṭārum (v.) G to loosen, release; G~D; N to be loosened 8
qâliš silently 14
rā'idum trembling 2
rapšum wide, extended 13
rēštum beginning, point, prime 8
rēšum (SAG) head; beginning; slave 1
šaḫānum (v.) to be, become hot 12
šapālum (v.) G to be, become low; D to lower, dig deep 15
šer'um (AB.SÍN) furrow 7
ṣibtum II interest 2
šīmtum (NAM) fate, what is fixed, destiny 9
šumma if 4, 5
ṭapālum (v.) G to slander, insult; D to slander, insult 1
tapḫarum private collected possessions 15
urrum daytime, morning, daybreak 14
uturrā'ū, wuturrûm excess 3
walādum (v.) G to give birth 7
wašābum (v.) to sit, dwell 11
zērum II (NUMUN) seed(s) 7
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Revision History
Wasserman, Nathan
Photography, web-imaging
Streck, Michael P.
Images, Catalogue