BiOr 30, 359f. (Erra and Narām-Sîn)

SEAL no. 1539

Images
  • BM 120003 obv. (British Museum)BM 120003 obv. (British Museum)
  • BM 120003 rev. (British Museum)BM 120003 rev. (British Museum)
  • Lambert 1973, 359Lambert 1973, 359
  • Lambert 1973, 360Lambert 1973, 360
Copy / Photo
Tablet Siglum
BM 120003 (1928-7, 6-3)
Collection
British Museum, London
Genre / Classification
Epics, Naram-Sin
Text

1       [x] ⌈x⌉ […]

2       dSîn(EN.ZU) ur-[…]

3       ki-ku-un-na i-⌈x⌉-[...]

4       Er-ra wa-ši-i[bbi-it Mi-iš-lam-mi-im]

5       iš-ši-iq qá-qá-ra-am a-di x […]

6       e-mu-uq šar-ri-im ⌈dSîn(EN.ZU) ú-[x x (x)]

7       An-nu-ni-tum is-sà-q[á-ar] ⌈a⌉-na Na-ra-a[m-dSîn(EN.ZU)]

8       ši-ta-ra-a[m! i-ni-ša(?)] IG-ri-[...]

9       la ta-ap-pa-la-[?-aḫ?] ⌈x⌉ ma-ḫa-a[r-šu?]

10     ši-ti mi-im-ma [ša aš-ku]-nu-ku-um mi-it-ḫa-[aṣ]

11     ip-pa-ti-a-ma b[a? x x x]-ú šu-ṣi-a-ku-[um]

12     ka-ki er-ni-ti-i[m x x (x)] ⌈x x⌉ li-im-ḫu-ra ṣi-im-di-i[š]

13     dIštar(INANNA) te-l[i!-tum iq-bi a-n]a šar-ri-im er-ni-ti-i-ša

14     a-a tu-um-mi-[id (tubqāti]a?-ṣí-in-ni ka-ak-ki

15     šu-im-ma a-na […] x da?-la-at bi-it Er-ra ra-bi-ṣi-ka // [(x x x)] šu-ṣi-a-ku-um

16     Na-ra-[am-dSîn(EN.ZU) (…) im-ḫ]u-ur ka-ak-ki i-na <qá >-ti-šu

17     iš?/da?-m[i? ... l]u-ú-še-li li-iš-ti

18     mi-x[x x x] ⌈x⌉ ša-a-ti

19     Er-r[a pa-šu i-pu-ša-a]m-ma a-na Na-ra-am-dSîn(EN⌉.ZU) šar-ra-šu is-sà-qá-ar

20     iš-t[a-tu qá-ab-la-am dEnlil(]EN.LÍL) na-ak-[ri-išù ra-i-ša-ku

21     ra-b[i-ṣa-ak na-a]b-la-ak [i-ša]-ta-ak

22     mi-ša/qá [(?) . . . . n]i [ x x (x)]-ti

23     qá-ab-l[a-am x x] wa-ar-ri/[u-um x]-ta-i

24     šar-ru-u[m iq-ta]-bi ru-a-š[una-ra-a]m Er-ra

25     qá-ab-l[a-am lu?-uš?]-tiar pi-ri-ka-ka lu-ša-aš-qí

26     lu-pu-uš-ku-⌈um⌉ b[i-t]a-am ša ta-ši-la-tu li-ib-bi

27     ta-ša-ab i-qè-er-bi-šu ri-mi pa-ra-ak šar-ru-ti-im

28     lu-ša-ri-ik e-li-ik lu-ša-ar -pi-iš

29     ki-ku-un-na-a-ak lu-ša-al-bi-iš wa-ar-qá-am

30     i tu-šu-li-il šar-ra-šu i ta-ḫi-iš

31     i tu-ši-im La-az i-na mu-ut-ti-ka

32     ta-am-ḫa-ri-ša e-re-di-ši dIštar(INANNA)

33     i-lu-um Er-ra ù (ras.) Na-ra-am-dSîn(EN.ZU)

34     pu-úḫ-ri-iš il-li-ku ru-šu ù šu

35     ta-at-ta-AK-PI-iš ma-ta-am qá-ba-al-šu

36     it-na-al-la-ak iš-ta-šu qú-ra-du-um Er-ra

37     PI-ru-um ša-ka-al-mu-šu a-aš-šu-um e-zu-u[m! ...]

38     ki-ma ib-ba-ri-im i-[...]

39     a-li na-ki-ri ti-bu-uš x […]

40     uz-zi na-ki-ri i-lu-u[…]

41     i-ša-ka-an šu-um šar-ri-im mu-[…]

42     il-li-li-iš la ta ar ni ni-ši (-)[…]

43     e-li-tu-um ù ša-ap-li-tu-um […]

44     qá-ab-lu-um Er-ra za-[i-ri-šu? ...]

45     šar-ru-um i-si-ir ta-ḫa-zi ir-bi [...]

46     šar-ru-um iq-ra-ab e-pi-bi tu-um!?⌉x […]

47     ra-ak-su ṭú-ur-ru-šu tu-uk-ku-šu tu-x[...-]x

48     i-na ši-ga-ri-im mu-ri-bi-im ba-bi-im ka-[wi-i]m

49     ša-ak-na ba-aš-ma-an sí-pá-ra re-ti-ta-an da-al-ta-an

50     ù šu-um Er-ra Na-ra-am-⌈dSîn(EN.ZU)⌉ [e]l-šu-nu ša-ṭi-ir ta-ḫa-zu-um

51     ša-ki-in šu-um ša[r-ri-im el-šu]-nu ša-ṭi-ir ṭú-ub-bu-um

52     eṭ-lu-ut Er-r[a ... im-ni-šu

53     ma-al-ku! g[e-ru-ú ...] ⌈i!⌉-ni-lu

54     ip-ḫu-ur ki x [...] x-ti ma-da

55     bi-tu-um pi ta [... i-]ši-ma ad-da-ar pa-la-i nu-úḫ-ši

---

56     ki-iṣ-ṣú-šu x […] ⌈x⌉-ku-šu

57     el-lu mu-šu e[l-lu ...]-šu-šu

58     i-ri-ib qè-er-b[i-šu …] ar/ri ka la aq ru ša-ar-ri

59     dLa-az šar-ra-t[u-um] x-ka-am ma-li-a-at

60     tu-uš-ša-am-ma x [...] x tu-še-a-al

61     im-mu-ut-ti na-ra-mi-iš ta-ka-ra-ab šar-ra

62     tu-ku-ul-ti A-ni-im na-ra-mu Du-ra-an-ki

63     šar-ru Mi-iš-lam-mi-im a-ša-re-du I-gi4-g[i4]

64     Er-ra na-ra-mu Du-ra-an-ki šar-ru Mi-iš-lam-mi a-ša-re-du [I-gi4-gi4]

65     i-di-in a-na šar-ri-im ka-ak-ka-am da-an-na-am ši-bi-ir-[ra-am]

66     er-ši-im ḫa-di mi-ša-ri-im ba-nu bi-ti-[ka]

67     a-na Na-ra-am-dSîn(EN.ZU) ši-bi-ir-r[a]-[a]m [i-di-in]

68     er-ši-im ḫa-di mi-ša-ri-[im ba-nu bi-ti-ka]

69     mu-um-ma iš-tu sí-ip-p[i ...]

70     i-ša-am-ma na-ra-am a-na [...]

71     eq-la-am x x x […]

72     x […]

Translation

1       ...

2       Sîn ...

3       The temple terrace ...

4       Erra, sitti[ing in the Emeslam],

5       kissed the ground until ...

6       Sîn ... the strength of the king.

7       Annunītum spok[e] to Narā[m-Sîn],

8       the iridescen[t-of-eyes] ...:

-----

9       Do not prost[rate(?)] ... befor[e him(?)!]

10     Drink, what[ever I s]et before you, figh[t!]

11     ... will be opened ... bring out for your[self!]  

12     May [your hands(?)] hold the weapons of victory like a yoke team.”

13     Sk[illful(?) Ištar [spoke(?) t]o the king about her desire for victory:

14     “You should not lean my [ax] (and) my weapon [against(?) ...].

15     Be attentive to [...] the doors(?) of the house of Erra, your protector! Bring out the [...] for yourself (and) fight!”

16     Narā[m-Sîn ... rec]eived the weapons from his hands.

17     ... [l]et me raise. May he drink!

18     ...

19     Erra o[pened his mouth] and spoke to Narām-Sîn, his king:

---

20     “Enlil has wo[ven battle like an e]nemy but I am the destroyer.

21     [I am] a cr[ouching one, a fla]me, a [fi]re.

22     ...

23     Batt[le] ...”

24     The kin[g spok]e, h[is(?)] friend, [the belove]d of Erra:

25     “[Let me weav]e(?) batt[le] ... let me raise up your divine symbol.

---

26     Let me build for you a house of joy.

27     Sit in it, reside on the royal dais!

28     Let me make it long (and) wide over you.

29     Let me cloth your temple terrace with green.

30     May she (Laz) hail its king, may she prosper.

31     May Laz sit(?) before you.

32     I will follow Ištar to her battle.

33     God Erra and Narām-Sîn

34     went together, his friend and he.

35     His battle constantly ... the land.

36     The hero Erra constantly went with him.

37     ..., terror, the fierce ...    

---

38     Like mist [...]

39     his attack [...] the cities of the enemies.

40     The go[d ...] the fury of the enemies,

41     establishing the name of the king ...

42     Like Enlil ...

43     The upper and the lower ...

---

44     Erra [... his] e[nemies(?)] in the battle.

45     The king enclosed the battles, [...] became big.

46     The king drew near. Built was the house ...

47     Its enclosure was tied, its ...

48     On the bolt which leads into (it), (on) the ⌈outer⌉ gate,

49     were installed two b. snakes. The fixed double doors were made of bronze.

50     And an inscription (lit. “name” of Erra (and) Narām-Sîn was written on them (the snakes): “Battle”.

51     An inscription of the k[ing] was applied (and) written: “Prosperity”.

52     The men of Erra [...] at its side.

53     The h[ostile] princes lay [...].

54     He gathered many [...].

55     The house [... de]termined forever a reign of porperity.

56     Its chapel ...

57     Pure are its rites ...

58     ... the kings.

59     Que[en] Laz was full of ...

60     She sits and rejoices [...]

61     In the presence of her beloved, she invokes blessings on the king:

62     “Anu’s trust, beloved of Duranki,

63     king of Meslam, foremost of the Igigi,

64     Erra, beloved of Duranki, king of Meslam, foremost [of the Igigi],

65     give to the king the strong weapon, the staff,

66     (to) the wise one, who takes pleasure in justice, who built [your] house!

67     To Narām-Sîn [give] the staff,

68     the wise one, who takes pleasure in justi[ce, who built your house!]”

69     [He ...] the ... from the doorframe.

70     He trembles and the stele to [...]

71     A field [...]

72     ...

Vocabulary
Word Translation Semantic Line
ālum (URU.KI) village, town, city Locations/Buildings 39
Annunītum DN Deities/Divine sphere 7
Anum DN Deities/Divine sphere 62
ašarēdum (SAG.KAL) first and foremost, pre-eminent, leader 63,64
bābum (KÁ) doorway, door, gate, entrance Fabricated objects,Locations/Buildings 48
bašmum snake, horned viper, horned viper (Cerastes cerastes), mythical poisonous snake Diseases/Demons,Fauna (wild) 49
bītum (É) house Fabricated objects,Locations/Buildings 4,15,26,55,66,68
daltum (GIŠ.IG) door Fabricated objects 15,49
dāmum blood Body/Body parts 17
dārum era, eternity, eternal, forever Abstract concepts,Time concepts 55
Duranki TN 62,64
elītum that which is above; upper part 43
Emeslam (mešlammum) TN 4,63,64
emūqum ((LÚ.)USU) strength, force Human activities/actions 6
Enlil DN 20, 42
erbum I, irbum income 45,58
ernittum triumph, battle objective Abstract concepts,Human activities/actions 12,13
Erra DN, DN ( = Mars?) Deities/Divine sphere 4,15,19,24,33,36,40,44,50,52,60,64
eršum I wise Fabricated objects 66,68
eṭlum (GURUŠ; ŠUL) manly; young man Human activities/actions,Social status/Groups/Professions 52
gegunnûm, kikunnûm raised temple 3,29
ḫaṣṣinnum axe 14
Igigû DN, the (ten) great gods 63,64
ilum (DINGIR) god, deity Deities/Divine sphere 33,40
imbarum, ibbarum fog, mist Nature/Cosmological phenomena 38
imnum right hand, right side Abstract concepts,Body/Body parts 52
išātum fire, fire (of heart), inflammation, fever Diseases/Demons,Nature/Cosmological phenomena 21
Ištar DN Deities/Divine sphere 13
kakkum (GIŠ.TUKUL) stick, weapon, battle Fabricated objects 12,14,16,25,32,65
kawûm outer 48
kiṣṣum shrine 56
Laz DN 31,59
libbum (ŠÀ) heart, mind; inner body Body/Body parts 26
maḫrum II front, presence Abstract concepts 9
mātum (KUR; KALAM) land, country Locations/Buildings,Nature/Cosmological phenomena 35
mīšarum justice Abstract concepts 66,68
mû II cult rites, divine orders Food/Drink,Nature/Cosmological phenomena 57
mummum 1. life-giving force?; 2. school for scribes, workshop? Social status/Groups/Professions 69
muttum front 31,61
nablum flash of fire, flame, fire-arrow Nature/Cosmological phenomena 21
nakrum strange, foreign, enemy Social status/Groups/Professions 17,20,39,40
Narām-Sîn PN, RN 7,16,19,33,50,67
narāmum loved one, love Human activities/actions,Qualities/Attributes,Social status/Groups/Professions 61,62,64
narûm (NA.RU) stele 70
nuḫšum abundance, plenty, fertility Abstract concepts 55
palûm (BALA) reign, period of office Abstract concepts,Fabricated objects 55
parakkum (BÁRA) cult dais, sanctuary, chapel Fabricated objects,Locations/Buildings 27,59
pirikkum divine symbol 25
puḫriš in assembly, together 34
pûm I (KA) mouth, statement, command, opening Body/Body parts 19
qablum II (ŠEN.ŠEN) battle, fight 20,23,25,35,44
qaqqarum (KI) earth, ground Locations/Buildings,Nature/Cosmological phenomena 5
qātum (ŠU) hand Body/Body parts 16
qerbum centre, interior Abstract concepts,Locations/Buildings 27,58
qurādum hero, warrior Human activities/actions,Social status/Groups/Professions 24,36
rābiṣum bailiff 15,21
rū'um, rūḫum friend, companion Human activities/actions 34
šagalmušu, šakalmušu fear 37
šaplītum lower part, inside 43
šarratum queen Social status/Groups/Professions 59
šarrum (LUGAL; EN) king, lord Social status/Groups/Professions 6,13,19,24,30,41,45,46,51,58,61,63,64,65
šarrūtum kingship, reign Kinship terms 27
šibirrum shepherd´s staff, sceptre Social status/Groups/Professions 65,67
šigarum door lock, bolt Fabricated objects 48
ṣimdum binding, (yoke-)team, bandage Fabricated objects 12
Sîn DN Deities/Divine sphere 2, 6
siparrum bronze Materials 49
sippum (door-)jamb Fabricated objects 69
šumum (MU) name; son; line of text Abstract concepts,Verbal expressions 41,50,51
tāḫāzum (ME; ME6) battle, combat 45,50
tamḫārum battle, combat 32
tašīltum celebration Human activities/actions 26
tībum arousal, attack 39
tubqum corner, recess 14
ṭūbum goodness, happiness, prosperity Abstract concepts 51
tukkum alarm, warning 47
tukultum (NIR.GÁL) trust, support 62
ṭurrum binding, knot 47
uzzum anger, rage Emotions/Feelings 40
warqum, erqum yellow, green 29
werrum mighty one 37
zāʾerum, zāʾirum hostile, enemy 44
zikrum, siqrum utterance, name; mention of the name; reputation 8
Revision History
Zomer, Elyze
Transliteration, bibliography, indices
22/12/11
Streck, Michael P.
Corrections
22/12/11
Hess, Christian W.
Cataloguing
01/01/12
Wasserman, Nathan
Photography, web-imaging
08/03/12
Streck, Michael P.
Corrections, catalogue, translation, commentary
23/06/16
Streck, Michael P.
Images
16/05/19
16/05/19