Archivum Anatolicum 3, 152f. (OA Sargon Legend)

SEAL no. 1556

Images
  • Kt j/k 97 obv. (Günbatti)Kt j/k 97 obv. (Günbatti)
  • Kt j/k 97 lower edge (Günbatti)Kt j/k 97 lower edge (Günbatti)
  • Kt j/k 97 rev. (Günbatti)Kt j/k 97 rev. (Günbatti)
  • Kt j/k 97 upper edge (Günbatti)Kt j/k 97 upper edge (Günbatti)
  • Günbatti 1997, 152Günbatti 1997, 152
  • Günbatti 1997, 153Günbatti 1997, 153
Copy / Photo
276-279 (photo)
152–155 (copy)
Tablet Siglum
Kt j/k 97
Collection
Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi, Ankara
Provenance
Kaniš (mod. Kültepe)
Notes

Transcription according to Dercksen 2005.

Text

 

1       šarrum(LUGAL) : Šarrum(LUGAL)-ki-in šar(LUGAL)

2       A-ki-dí-e : re-bi4-tim : šarrum(LUGAL)3       da-num : ša iš-tí : i-le-e

4       e-ta-wu-ni : Adad(dIM) : da-nu-tám

5       i-dí-šu-ma : iš-tù : ṣí-it

6       ša-am-ší-im : a-dí e-ra-áb

7       ša-am-ší-im : ma-tám : aṣ-ba-at-ma

8       i-na UD-mì-im : iš-té-en6

9       a-na 70 a-lá-ni : kà-kà-am : a-dí-in

10      ru-ba-e-šu-nu : ú-ṣa-bi4-it : ù a-le-šu-nu

11      ú-ḫa-li-iq : Adad(dIM) : be-el : e-mu-qí-im

12      ù Iš8-tár : be-lá-at : ta-ḫa-zi-im

13      at-ma : ṣa-bi4-tám : a-mu-ur-ma : li-bi4-tám

14      a-na na-ri-im : a-dí-ma : i-na

15      lá-sà-mì-a : mu-sà-ri : i-bi4-tí-iq-ma

16      ṣa-ar-a-am : áš-ta-kà-an-ma : al-sú-ma

17      ṣa-bi4-tám : aṣ-ba-at : li-bi4-tám

18      i-ma-e : ú-šé-li : Adad(dIM) ù Iš8-tár

19      a[t-ma1 [l]i-im alpī(GUD.ḪI.A) 6 li-me-/e

20      immerî(UDU.ḪI.A) : ù-mì-ša-ma : lu ú-ṭa-ba-aḫ

21      7 li-me-e : qá-[r]a-du-a : ša i-ra-/tim

22      ú-mì-ša-ma : ma-aḫ-ri-a : e-ku-lu-ni

23      3 li-me-e : lá-sí-mu-ú-a

24      ša : ar-kà-tim : e-ku-lu-ni

25      1 li-im : ša-qí-ú-a

26      < ša> UD-mì-ša-ma : mu-ḫa-am

27      ša kurur-sí-na-tim : a-dí-i

28      ša-ba-im : e-ku-lu-ni

29      x-DU-i iq-re-e-ma

30      7 li-me-e : qá-ra-du-a

 

Rev.

31      i-ra-tim : e-ku-lu : a-na

32      wa-ar-ki-im : i-ir-tum :

33      lá ik-šu-ud-ma : a-lá-áp-šu

34      ku-ša-ma-ni-a-am : ša ku-sí-i-šu

35      iṭ-bu-ùḫ-ma : a-na wa-ar-ki-im

36      i-ir-tám : i-dí-in : nu-ḫi-tí-mì

37      gu5-ur-na-am : ú-ri-ir-ma

38      a-na ar-ni-šu 1 me-et alpī(GUD.ḪI.A)

39      2 me-et immerī(UDU.ḪI.A) : iṭ-bu-ùḫ-/ma

40      ur-dí-a : ú-ša-ki-il5 : Adad(dIM)

41      ù Iš8-tár : at-ma MU.7.ŠÈ warḫam(ITI.KAM)

42      ù ša-pá-tám : i-na i-ki-il5-tim

43      qá-du : um-mì-ni-a : lu ú-ší-ib

44      i-na wa-ṣa-i-a : ša sāmtim(na4GUG)

45      ù na4ZA.GÌN : qa-nu-a-am

46      lu ar-ku-ús-ma : a-na ma-tim

47      lu ú-za-iz : ša-du-a-am : Ḫu-ma-nam

48      a-ší-ni-šu : am-ḫa-sú-ma : ki-ma

49      sí-ki-tim : i-ba-ri-šu-nu : ṣa-al-/mì

50      ú-ša-zi-iz : ru-ba-am

51      ša Tù-uk-ri-iš : maš-kam : ú-lá-bi4-iš

52      Ḫu-du-ra : bi4-be-na-tim qá-qá-da-/tí-šu-nu

53      áš-ku-un : A-lá-ší-am : ki-ma

54      sí-ni-iš-tim : qá-qá-da-tí-šu-nu

55      ak-tù-um : ša A-mu-re-e

56      ki-ma a-pì-šu-nu : ša-ma-ṭim

57      i-ša-ar-šu-nu : aq-tí-i : ša Ki-lá-re-/e

58      i-ma-ar-ší-im : qá-qá-da-tí-šu-nu

59      ar-ku-ús ša-ni-um Kà-ni-šé

60      sú-tù-ḫi-šu-nu ú-šé-er

 

Ed.

61      ša Ḫa-tim : qá-ba-al-tí : qá-qá-da-tí-šu-nu : ú-ša-ag-li-ib : Lu-ùḫ-me-e

62      tù-dí-tám : ú-dí-id : Qú-ti-tám : Lu-lu-am : ù Ḫa-ḫa-am ṣú-ba-tí-šu-nu ú-ša-/ri-/im

63      3 sí-ki ša-ma-e : i-qá-tí-a : al-pu-ut : mì-na-am i-DUB-pè

64      lu-ša-am-i-id : A-nu-um : lá i-de8-a-ni : ki-ma šarrum(LUGAL) a-na-ku-ni

65      ma-tám e-li-tám ù ša-áp-li-tám aṣ-bu-tù-ni-i

66      ša-tù-uk-ki li-ša-ar-bi4 : Adad(dIM) : šarrum(LUGAL)

    Translation

     

    1        King Sargon,

    2        king of Akkade, the market city,

    3        strong king, who speaks with the gods.

    4        Adad has given him strength:

    5        from sunrise

    6        to sunset

    7        I conquered the land and

    8        in a single day,

    9        I gave the weapon to 70 cities.

    10      I captured their princes and destroyed their cities.

    11      I swear by Adad, lord of strength,

    12      and Ištar, mistress of battle:

    13      I saw a gazelle and threw a brick

    14      into the river. When

    15      I was running, my girdle broke and

    16      I provided myself with a snake and I ran (on)

    17      and caught the gazelle. I rose the brick out of the water.

    18      I swear by Adad and Ištar:

    19      1 thousand oxen, 6 thousand

    20      sheep I truly slaughter every day.

    21      7 thousand are my heroes who

    22      eat briskets in my presence every day.

    23      3 thousand are my runners

    24      who eat long parts (of meat).

    25      1 thousand are my cupbearers

    26      eat the top part

    27      of the lower legs until

    28      being satisfied.

    29      My ... invited and

    30      my 7 thousand heroes

     

    Rev.

    31      ate briskets. For

    32      the last (man) there was not enough brisket.

    33      He slaughtered his ox

    34      from Kušam(m)anu belonging to his seat and

    35      gave to the last (man)

    36      a brisket. My cook

    37      burnt mediocre (meat)(?) and

    38      as his punishment he slaughtered 1 hundred oxen,

    39      2 hundred sheep, and I/he

    40      fed my servants. I swear by Adad

    41      and Ištar: For 7 years, one month

    42      and two weeks I truly stayed in the darkness

    43      together with my troops.

    44      Coming out (again), I tied

    45      a (measuring) reed of carnelian and lapis lazuli, and

    46      for the land

    47      I made a division. The mountain umanum

    48      I divided in two parts and as

    49      a peg (= boundary marker) between them I erected

    50      my image. The prince

    51      of Tukriš I dressed in an (animal) skin.

    52      (The men of) udura – I applied slave marks to their heads.

    53      Alašia – I covered their heads like

    54      that of a woman.

    56      I chopped as if cutting off their noses.

    57      The heads of the Kilarites

    58      I tied with straps.

    59–60          I released the sutuus of the people of Kaniš.

    61      I shaved the middle of the heads of (the men of) atti.

    61–62          I pierced the Lumeans with a toggle-pin. As for Qutitum, Lullu and au: I slit open their cloths.

    63      I touched three fringes of the sky with my hands. Why should

    64      I make numerous (words) on tablets? Does Anum not know me, (and ) that I am the king

    65      (and that) I seized the upper and the lower land?

    66      May they increase the regular offerings for me. Adad is king.

      Vocabulary
      Word Translation Semantic Line
      Adad (dIŠKUR) DN Deities/Divine sphere 4, 11, 18, 40, 65
      Akkadûm Akkadian GN 2
      Alašium GN 53
      alpum (GU4) bull, ox Fauna (domestic) 19, 33, 38
      ālum (URU.KI) village, town, city Locations/Buildings 9, 10
      amurrum GN, west wind 55
      anāku I, me Personal prons. 64
      Anum DN Deities/Divine sphere 64
      appum nose, tip, crown (of tree) Body/Body parts 56
      arnum sin, guilt, misdeed, punishment, sin, guilt, misdeed, punishment, guilt, fault, penalty 38
      bēltum (NIN) lady, mistress, proprietress 12
      bēlum (EN) lord, master, proprietor, owner Social status/Groups/Professions 11
      bibinātum slavemark 52
      dannum (KAL.GA) powerful, mighty, great, strong Qualities/Attributes 3
      dannūtum strength, power Abstract concepts 4
      elītum that which is above; upper part 65
      emūqum ((LÚ.)USU) strength, force Human activities/actions 11
      erbum II (in: ereb dŠamšim (dUTU.ŠÚ.BA)) sunset 6
      gurnum average quality 37
      Ḫaḫḫum GN 62
      Ḫattum GN 61
      Ḫudura GN 52
      Ḫumānum GN 47
      ḫusārum (na4ZA.GÌN) lapis lazuli 45
      ikiltum darkness 42
      ilum (DINGIR) god, deity Deities/Divine sphere 4
      immerum (UDU) sheep Fauna (domestic) 20, 39
      irtum I breast, chest Body/Body parts,Written texts/Literary terms 21, 31, 32, 36
      išarum II (GÌŠ) penis 52
      Ištar DN Deities/Divine sphere 12, 18, 41
      ištēn (DIŠ) one, single, the first one, first 8
      kakkum (GIŠ.TUKUL) stick, weapon, battle Fabricated objects 9
      Kaniš GN 59
      Kilar GN 57
      kursinnum ankle 27
      Kušammān GN 34
      kussûm (gišGU.ZA) seat, throne, chair 34
      lāsimum runner 23
      libittum (SIG4) brick, mudbrick Fabricated objects 13, 17
      līm thousand 19, 21, 23, 25, 30
      Luḫme GN 61
      Lullu(b)um GN 62
      maḫrum II front, presence Abstract concepts 22
      maršum leather strap 58
      maškum skin, hide, leather Materials 51
      mātum (KUR; KALAM) land, country Locations/Buildings,Nature/Cosmological phenomena 7, 46, 65
      me'atum, mētum hundred 38, 39
      misarrum, musarrum belt 15
      mû I (A(.MEŠ)) water 18
      muḫḫum skull, top, head Body/Body parts 26
      nārum I (ÍD) river, watercourse, canal Nature/Cosmological phenomena 14
      nuḫatimmum cook 36
      qabaltum middle 61
      qanûm (GI) reed, cane Flora 45
      qaqqadum (SAG; SAG.KI) head, capital Body/Body parts 52, 53, 58, 61
      qarrādum (UR.SAG) warlike; hero, warrior Human activities/actions,Social status/Groups/Professions 21, 30
      qātum (ŠU) hand Body/Body parts 63
      Qutium GN 62
      rebītum square, open place; abdomen Body/Body parts 2
      rubûm (NUN) prince, ruler, nobleman 10, 50
      ṣabītum gazelle Fauna (wild) 12
      ṣalmum II figure, image, statue 49
      Šamaš, šamšum DN, sun Nature/Cosmological phenomena 6,7
      sāmtum (NA4.GUG) redness, carnelian 44
      šamû I (AN) sky, heaven Nature/Cosmological phenomena 63
      šanûm I second, next 59
      šapattum (U4.15.KAM) 15th day of the month, period of 15 days 42
      šaplītum lower part, inside 65
      šāqûm, šāqium cup-bearer 25
      Šarrum-kīn PN, RN 1
      šarrum (LUGAL; EN) king, lord Social status/Groups/Professions 1, 2, 64, 65
      sattukkum, šattukkum regular offering 66
      šattum (MU) year 41
      ṣerrum I (MUŠ) snake 16
      sikkatum I (šikkatum) peg, nail (of wood or metal), part of a lock 49
      šina II two Abstract concepts 48
      sinništum (MUNUS) woman Social status/Groups/Professions 53
      ṣītum exit, (new) growth of plant, rise 6
      ṣubātum textile, garment Fabricated objects 62
      Sutuḫḫu GN 60
      tāḫāzum (ME; ME6) battle, combat 12
      tudittum pin, dress-pin 62
      Tukriš GN 51
      ṭuppum, tuppum clay tablet, document, letter Fabricated objects,Written texts/Literary terms 63
      ūmišam daily 22, 26
      ummānum army, troops Social status/Groups/Professions 43
      ūmum I (UD) day, daily Abstract concepts,Nature/Cosmological phenomena,Time concepts 8
      wardum (SAG.ÌR; ÌR) slave, servant 40
      warḫum (ITI) moon, month Time concepts 41
      warkatum rear, estate, legacy, background , affair; backside; rear, estate, legacy, background 24
      warkûm rear, later 32, 35
      ziqqum (a pillar) 63
      Revision History
      de Ridder, Jascha
      Transliteration, bibliography, indices
      28/05/11
      Hess, Christian W.
      Cataloguing
      01/01/12
      Streck, Michael P.
      Corrections, translation, commentary.
      24/06/16
      Streck, Michael P.
      Images
      16/05/19
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