To Zimrī-līm (FM 3, 81f.)

SEAL no. 1652

Copy / Photo
26–27 (photo)
Tablet Siglum
A. 1258 (= S. 115/a35) + S. 160 SN
Collection
Deir ez-Zor Museum, ?
Edition
Genre / Classification
Literary Letters, To Zimrīlīm
Bilingual
Provenance
Mari (mod. Tell Ḥariri)
Text

Obv.

1 lugal-gu10-ra ú-na-du11

a-na [be-lí-ia qí-bí-ma]

2 lugal nì-gi-na ki-ág dNun-nam-nir

a-na  šarrim[(LUGAL)] ki-na-ti na-ra-[am Nunamnir(dNUN.NAM.NIR)]

3 lugal šà-kù-ta an  dEn-líl nam-lugal zi-dè-eš pà-da-ni

ana  šarrim [(LUGAL)] ša iš-tu li-ib-bi [el-limAnum(AN) ù  Enlil [(dEN.LÍL) a-na šar-ru-tim ki-ni-iš ib-bu-šu]

4 den-ki-ke4 lugal en nam-tar-re

 d[É]-a šar-rum be-lu-um mu-ši-im ši-ma-[tim]

5 dnu-dím-mud nun-maḫ  nam-a-ni nu-kúr-ru-dam

[(dNU].DÍM.MUD) ru-bu-ú ṣí-rum ša ší-ma-t[u-šu la ut-ta-ka-ra]

6 [nam]-sa6 gal nam-ti-il du-rí-šè nam-šè tar-mu-na-ab lugal-e-ne mi-ni- / ib-diri

[ši-i]m-tam da-mi-iq-tam ra-bi-tam ù ba-la-[ṭam da-ri-tam] / a-na ši-im-tim i-ši-mu-šum-ma i-na šar-[ra-ni ú-ša-te-ru-šu]

dNin-tur-e ama-gal nín-kur-kur-ra dím-dím dingir nam-lú-ulu3

NinḫursagdNIN.ḪUR.SAG.GÁ) um-mu ra-bi-tum be-l[e-et ma-ta-tim] / ba-ni-it ilāni(DINGIRmešù a-wi-[lu-tim]

8 [š]u-sikil-la-ni gal-le-eš mi-ni-in-sig7 nam-nun-šè pa-è

i-na qa-te9-ša el-le-ti ra-bi-iš ú-[ba-an-ni-šu-ma a-na …]

9 [dD]a-gan kur-gal a-a dingir-gal-gal-e-ne na-de5 da-nun-[na]

dDa-gan ša-du-ú ra-bu-ú a-bi°  ilāni(DINGIR[mešra-bu-tim] / wa-še-er Anunnakkī (dE.[NUN.NA] 

10 [dingir] alim an ki mu-un-dù a-a ugu dingir-e-[ne]

ilum(DINGIRlumkab-tum ba-ni  šamê(AN) ù erṣetim(KI) a-bu-um mu-[wa-li-id ilāni(DINGIRmeš)] 

11 [ku]r-kur-dagal-la šà-ge pà-da-a-ni nam-lugal-š[è mu-un-íl]

i-na ma-ta-ti ra-ap-ša-ti i-na ku-lum li-ib-bi-š[u] / ú-tu-šu-ma a-na šar-ru-tim iš-šu-šu

12 [d]Utu lugal an ki en é-babbar ka-aš-bar an k[i šú-a ku5-da]m

dUTU šar šamê(AN) ù erṣetim(KI) be-el  Ebabbari(É.BABBAR-ripa-ri-ìs pu-ru-sé-e[m] / a-na si-ḫi-ip šamê(AN) ù erṣetim(KI)

13 dingir zi ka-ba-ni dugud-da du11-g[a-ni dingir-na-me nu-kúr-r]u

ilum(DINGIRlumke-nu-um ša i-pí-iš pí-šu kab-tu qí-bí-sú ilum(DINGIRlumma-ma-an / la ú-na-ka-ru

14 gišgidru nì-si-sá šu-ni-šè gá kur-kur-daga[l … mu-na-an]-šúm-uš

ḫattam(gišGIDRU) ù mi-ša-ra° a-na qa-ti-šu iš-ku-nu-ma ma-ta-ti / [r]a-ap-ša-ti a-na be-li-im id-di-nu-šu

15 dIŠKUR ur-sag gal dingir-e-ne sag-kal dum[u an-na gú-gal an ki z]i sum-mu / [nì-nam] zi-gál

Adad [(dIŠKUR) qar]-[dura-bu-ú  i-na ilāni(DINGIRmeša-ša-re-du mār(DUMU) da-nim gugal [(GÚ].G[AL)] šamê(AN) ù erṣetim(KI) na-[di-inba-la-ṭì a-na mi-ma ša-ki-in na-pí-iš-ti

16 šita kal-ga sag-gá-šè rig7 [gaba-ri nu-m]u-ni-in-tuk

kakkam [(gišTUKUL) da]n-nam a-na še-r[ik-timiš-ru-ku-šum-ma ma-ḫi-ra la ú-šar-šu-šu

17 dInanna ga-ša-an an ki sag-kal m[è-šen-šen-na ki-šu-peš] gi-gi-na

[d4]-tár be-le-et  šamê(AN) ù erṣetim(KI) a-ša-re-da-at qa-ab-li-im ù ta-ḫa-zi / mu-ki-na-at ma-ḫa-zi

18 mè-ni mè diri-ga gištu[kul-a-ni mu-un-ga]l-gal

ta-ḫa-as-sú i-na ta-ḫa-zi ú-ša-te-ru-ma / ka-ki-šu ú-ša-ar-bu-ú 

19 lugal-kal-ga kalam ki-[bi-šè mu-un-g]i4-gi4

a-na šarrim(LUGAL) dan-nim mu-te-er ma-a-ti a-na aš-ri-ša

20 ur-sag dEn-líl si[pa ..] mu-un-zu

a-na qar-ra-di ša Enlil(dEN.LÍL) re-i-im ša ta-ši-i[m-ta]m i-du-ú

21 [me-te] [nam-lugal-la aga za-gìn]-[na m]u-sig7-ga

a-na si-ma-a-at šar-ru-tim ša i-na a-g[i nam-r]i bu-nu-ú

22 [lugal (šà)-aš-d]u usu gal-gal-l[a ù-n]e-dè-daḫ

a-na  šarrim(LUGAL) gi-it-ma-lim ša e-mu-qé-en6 ra-[bé-e-tim-mašu-ni-šum-ma

23 [zi-im-ri-l]i-im nir-gá[l an-dùl kalam-ma]-ni

a-na zi-im-ri-li-im e-tel-lim ṣú-lu-u[l ma-ti-šu]

24 [téš-maḫ m]á-ríki ka[lam-ma-ni mu-un-daga]l-la

[a]-na ba-áš-ti ṣí-ir-ti ša ma-riki mu-r[a-ap-pí-š ma-ti-š]u

25 […] [x x] […]-nigin

[a]-na mu-tal-[lim ra]-bi-im ṣí-ri-im ša [...]

26 […] x-ne

[a-na  šarrim(LUGAL) ša] [a]-na ni-ši i-ni-šu lem-nu-tum

27 […]

i-n[a e-m]u-qé-šu ṣí-ra-tim d[a-ṣ]a-at nu-ku-[ur-tim il]-le

28 […]

[i-na k]a-ki-šu dan-nim a-ia-bi ik-mu-ú na-ki-[ri-šu …]

29 […]

[a-na  šarrim(LUGAL) m]u-um-tal-kim muš-ta-lim li-ib-bi   x […] / ša mi-il-kam ù ṭe4-ma-am i-[šu-ú]

30 [lugal igi-gál-la inim-a-ni] nam-igi-kár šu-du7

[a-našarrim(LU[G]AL) i-gi-gál-lim ša qí-ba-š[u ...]

31 […] [an]-ni-íb

a-na  m[i-gi-ir …]

32 […] ídBuranun-na

a-na mu-[…]

33 lugal […]-du

a-na  šarrim(L[UGAL) …]

34 x […] x sar?

a-na  šarrim(L[UGAL) …]

35 […]

a-na  šarrim(L[UGAL) …]

 

Rev.

beginning broken

36 […] [m]u-un-gál

 […] 

37 [gidim?-] [gi]n7 eden-n[a nigin-nigin]-na ki-gam-ma-gu10 / nu-zu

 ki-[ma] […] / a-š[a-ar a-q]a-na-nu ú-u[l i-di]

38 […] [lú-èn-tar-re]-gu10 nu-mu-gál

ki-ma warad(Ì[R) la be]-li-im pa-qí-dam ú-ul [i]-[šu-ú] 

39 […] [p]a-sag-lagab-e / [g]ú ba-gúr

ki-ma l[ mār(DU]MU) a-wi-lim sú-qa-ti a-sa-ḫur ni-sà-tum u[q-da] / -di-da-a[n-ni]

40 [é-kúr  k]i-tuš-gu10 mu-un-ku4 in-nu šà-nu-til-[la] ḫaš-m[e-en]

bīt [(É) na]-[a]k-rum a-na šu-ub-ti-ia i-tu-[úrpí-iš-tum / ù la ṭú-ub li-ib-bi iḫ-ta-mi-[šu-ni-in-ni]

41 [lugal-gu10 nu-] me?-a á-nu-gál-la-šè (du-du)-[laḫ5] / […] [n]u-d[u10-g]a-ta ba-ḫu-ḫu-bu-dè

la  be-lí i-na la i-di-im ir-ta-na-ad-de-en-ni / i-na mu-tal-lik-tim la ṭà-ab-ti at-ta-ḫar-ba-[]

42 […]-du-du igi-bu4(túl)-lá nam-dub-sar-ra / ba-a[n?]-gig-ga

i-na qa-ti re-eq-ti at-ta-na-la-ak-ma / im-ru-um ša DUB-šar-ru-tim uš-tam-ri-ṣa-an-ni

43 ù [lugal]-[gu10-šè] [geštu2-gál]-la-gu10

ù a-na be-li-ia uz-na-am ša-ak-na-ku-ma

44 lugal kúr-ra [nu-mu-un?-kin]-k[in x-x]-ta sag-gu10 / [ki-diš]-ni nu-ús

be-lam ša-né-em ú-ul e-še-i {ia-ša-ar iš-te-en qa-qa-[di] / ú-ul ú-ma-ad

45 gá-la nu-rú si-ig-ga-me-en d[u10-gu10  nu-m]u-un-da- / [an]-ús

na-bu-tam ú-ul el-le-i en-še-ku bi-ir-ka-ia / ú-ul i-re-ed-de-ni-in-ni

46 u4 [lu]gal-gu10 gišgu-za é-ad-da-n[i mu-s]un5(búr)

iš-tu be-lí a-na  kussi(gišGU.ZA) bīt(É) a-bi-šu i-ru-bu

47 [d]Da-gan dIŠKUR-e suḫuš-b[i] [...]

dDa-gan ù Adad(dIŠKUR) iš-de-šu ú-ki-i[n-n]u

48 an dEn-líl lugal ba[l-n]i mi-ni-in-pà[d]

Anum(AN) ù  Enlil(dEN.LÍL) šar-ru-sú ù pa-la-[šu ib-bu]

49 u4-bi-t[a i-si-iš lug]al-gu10 íb-šur-e

[iš-t]u u4-mi-im ša-a-tu ṣí-ḫa-at be-[l]í-ia i-z]i-ba-an-ni

50 i-b[a-ba-uru-gá é-lu]gal-gá-ke4 íb-sì-ge- / en

ta-[a]l-mi-id a-li-ia ù  bīt(É) [be-lí-ia ú-te]-en-ni-ša-an-ni

51 [dumu-é-dub-ba me-en] sag-lugal-gá-šè / [gu]b-bu-dè im-mu-ús

mār(DUMU) bīt(É) ṭup-pí a-na-ku a-na re-[eš be-lí-ia] / a-na ú-zu-uz-zi-im […]

52 [á-ág-gá lugal-gá] kéš-e u18-lu-lugal-gá / [g]eštu2-ka ri rú

wu-ur-ti be-lí-[i]a ka-ṣa-ra-am ma-ši-it b[e-lí-ia] / ḫu-us-sú-sà-am e-le-i

53 […] [lugal]-gá-šè šà-gu10 gar-ra

a-na ta-ar-ba-aṣ be-lí-ia-ma li-[i]b-[bi] [ša-ki-in]

54 […] me-en nu-mu-un-tag-tag- / ge

li-li-id bīt(É) be-lí-ia a-na-ku-m[a ú-ul lu-up-pu-ta-ku]

55 [lugal-gu10 ma-da ki-bi-šè mu-un-g]i4-gi4 un-bir-e / mi-ni-in-gi4

be-lí ma-a-tam a-na aš-ri-ša ú-te-[er-ma ni-še sa-ap-ḫa-tim ú-ki-in]

56 [...] [g]i-gi ki mu-ni-in-dab5-bé

mārū(DUMUmeša-wi-li mu-ut-ta-gi-[šu-tim] [...] 

57 [lugal-gu10] èn-gu10 ḫé-tar-re ki-bi-šè-[gu10] / ḫu-mu-un-g[i4-gi4]

be-lí wa-ar-ka-ti [l]i-ip-[ru-us-ma] / a-na aš-ri-[ia li-ti-ra-an-ni]

58 [lugal*] -gu10 lugal-bàn*-da-zu  du11-ga  ba[l*-gu10] / dUtu-gin7 gá-e ḫa-ma-[r]a-è-a*

[...]

Vocabulary
Word Translation Semantic Line
abum (//a-a) father Kinship terms 9, 10
abum (//ad-da) father 46
Adad (//dIŠKUR) DN Deities/Divine sphere 15, 47
agûm I (//aga) tiara, crown 21
ālum (//uru) village, town, city Locations/Buildings 50
anāku I, me 54
Anum (//AN) DN 3, 15, 48
Anunnakkū (//dA-nun-na) DN 9
ašarēdum (//sag-kal) first and foremost, pre-eminent 15, 17
ašrum (//ki) place, site 19, 37, 44, 55, 57
awīlum, aʾīlu (LÚ) man, free man, human being Social status/Groups/Professions 39, 56
awīlūtum (//nam-lú-ulu3) humanity 7
ayyābum enemy 28
balāṭum (//nam-ti-il) life 6
balāṭum (//zi) life 15
bāštum (// teš) dignity, (source of) pride 24
bēltum (//ga-ša-an) lady, mistress, proprietress 17
bēltum (//nin) lady, mistress, proprietress Social status/Groups/Professions 7
bēlum (//lugal) lord, master, proprietor, owner Social status/Groups/Professions 1, 4, 12, 41, 43, 44, 46, 49, 50, 51, 52,53, 55, 57
birkum (//du10-ub) knee 45
bīt ṭuppim (//é-dub-ba) school, Edubba 51
bītum (//é) house Locations/Buildings 40, 46, 50
bītum (É) house Locations/Buildings 54
Dagan (//dDa-gan) DN 9, 12’
dāṣtum treachery, disrespect 27
Ea (//dEn-ki) DN Deities/Divine sphere 4
Ebabbar (//É.BABBAR) TN 12
Ebabbar TN 12
emūqum ((LÚ.)USU) strength, force Human activities/actions 27
emūqum (//usu) strength, force 22
Enlil (//dEn-líl) DN Deities/Divine sphere 3, 20, 48
erṣetum (//KI) earth, land, underworld Nature/Cosmological phenomena 10, 12, 15, 17
etellum (//nir-gál) lord, prince, pre-eminent 23
gugallum (//gú-gal) irrigation controller 15
ḫaṭṭum (//gišgidru) stick, sceptre 14
idum (//á) arm, side 41
igigallum (//igi-gál) wisdom, wise man 30
ilum (//dingir) god, deity Deities/Divine sphere 7, 9, 10, 13, 15
imrum (//igi-bu4 túl-lá) eye-sickness or a cold (?) 42
īnum (IGI) eye Body/Body parts 26
išdum (//suḫuš) foundation, base 47
Ištar (D.EŠ4.TÁR) (//d-inanna) DN 17
ištēn (//diš) one 44
kakkum (//(giš.)tukul) stick, weapon, battle 18
kakkum (//šita) stick, weapon, battle 16
kakkum (GIŠ.TUKUL) stick, weapon, battle Fabricated objects 28
kussûm (//gišgu-za) chair, stool, throne 46
libbum (ŠÀ) (//šà) heart, mind; inner body Body/Body parts 3, 11, 40, 53
māḫāzum (//ki-šu-peš) shrine cultic centre 17
māḫirum (//gaba-ri) opponent, antagonist, enemy 16
mamman somebody, who(so)ever Personal prons. 13
Mari (MÁ/MA.RI.KI) GN 24
mārum (//DUMU) boy, son, descendant Kinship terms 15, 51
mārum (DUMU) boy, son, descendant Kinship terms 39’, 56’
mašûm I, f. mašītum (//u18-lu) forgotten (things) 52
mātum (//kur) land, country Locations/Buildings 7, 11, 14
mātum (//ma-da) land, country Locations/Buildings 55
mātum (KUR; KALAM) land, country Locations/Buildings,Nature/Cosmological phenomena 19, 23, 24
migrum consent, approval, agreement Abstract concepts 31
milkum advice, counsel, resolution, intelligence Abstract concepts 29
mimma anything, something; everything, all Abstract concepts 15
mīšarum (//níg-si-sá) justice 14
muttalliktum regularly moving, expeditionary force, regularly moving; regularly moving, expeditionary force Abstract concepts 41
nakrum strange, foreign, enemy Social status/Groups/Professions 28
napištum (//zi) throat, life 15
Ninḫursag DN 7
Nintur DN 7
nissatum (// pa-sag-lagab) wailing, lamentation 39
nišū (//UN) people, humanity, population 55
nišū (UN.MEŠ) people, humanity, population Social status/Groups/Professions 26
Nudimmud (//dNu-dím-mud) literary epithet of Ea 5
nukurtum enmity, hostility Human activities/actions 27
Nunamnir (dNun-nam-nir//dNUN.NAM.NIR) DN, literary epithet of Enlil 2
palûm (//bal) reign, period of office 13’
pāqidum (//lú-èn-tar) carer 38
pištum (//in) abuse, scandal, abusive song Written texts/Literary terms 40
pûm I (KA) mouth, statement, command, opening Body/Body parts 13
qablum II (//šen-šen) battle 17
qaqqadum (//sag) head, person 44
qardum valiant, heroic Human activities/actions 15
qarrādum (//ur-sag) warlike; hero, warrior 15, 20
qātum (ŠU) hand Body/Body parts 8, 14
qibītum (//du11-ga) speech, command, utterance, word 13
qibītum (//inim) speech, command, utterance, word [30]
rē'ûm (//sipa) shepherd, herdsman 20
rēšum (//sag) head, beginning, slave 51
rubûm (//nun) prince, ruler, nobleman 5
šadûm (//kur) mountain 9
Šamaš (//dUtu) DN 12
šamû I (AN) (//an) sky, heaven Nature/Cosmological phenomena 10, 12, 15, 17
šarrum (//lugal) king, lord 2, 3, 4, 6, 12, 19, 22, 30, 33, 48
šarrum (LUGAL; EN) king, lord Social status/Groups/Professions 26, 29, 30, 34, 35, 48
šarrūtum (//nam-lugal) kingship, reign 3, 11, 21
šeriktum, širiktum present, grant, offering, dowry 16
ṣīḫtum laughter, pl. flirtations, amusements, delights Abstract concepts 49
simtum (//me-te) appropriate symbol, characteristic 21
šīmtum (//nam) fate, what is fixed, destiny 4, 5, 6
šubtum (//ki-tuš) abode, dwelling, place, seat 5’
ṣulūlum (//an-dúl) shelter, canopy, aegis, protection 23
sūqum (SILA) street Locations/Buildings 39
tāḫāzum (//mè) battle, combat 17, 18
talmīdum apprentice 50
tarbaṣum (TÙR) animal stall, courtyard, sheep-pen Fabricated objects,Locations/Buildings 53
tašīmtum discernment, sagacity, discernment, prudence, wisdom, judgement 20
ṭēmum thought, plan, instruction, information Abstract concepts,Verbal expressions 29
ṭūbum goodness, happiness, prosperity Abstract concepts 5’
ṭūbum (//til) goodness, happiness, prosperity 40
ṭupšarrūtum, tupšarrūtum (//nam-dub-sar) scribal art, scholarship 42
ummum (//ama) mother Kinship terms 7
ūmum I (//u4) day 49
uznum (//géštug) ear, wisdom, understanding 43
wardum (SAG.ÌR; ÌR) slave, servant 38
warkatum (//èn) rear, estate, legacy, background 57
wu’’urtum, wûrtum (//á-ág-gá) commision, command 52
Zimri-lim (//zi-im-ri-li-im) RN 23
Revision History
Zomer, Elyze
Transliteration, indices
21/04/11
Streck, Michael P.
Catalogue
12/03/13
Tulaikova, Yulia
Index, corrections
02/07/20